你的雅思作文句子有效吗


发布人:zhouyan           2015-02-10 17:29:58

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摘要: 雅思作文不是随便写写就能得高分的,考官通常会根据一致、连贯、简洁、强调、多样来评判是否为一篇好的文章,下面小编为您带来详细内容,相信看过之后会有收获的。

  句子结构是雅思写作评分标准“语法的多样性与准确度”中一项十分重要的考量因素,但这并不意味着要求考生具备写长难句的能力。在追求输出像雅思阅读一样精到的语言之前,我们首先要确保的应当是写出来的句子是正确的。有效的句子甚而段落通常应当同时满足以下五个要素:一致、连贯、简洁、强调、多样。

  1. 一致:如句内的逻辑关系,注意检查是否存在简单推论、逻辑残缺、逻辑悖论、依赖偏见等。

  Born in a small town in South Chinain the early 1950s, he grew up to be a famous musician.

  → He was born in a small town in South China in the early 1950s. In his childhood he liked to sing songs. Later he entered a conservatory. In the 1970s he became a famous musician.

  2. 连贯:这个问题在平行结构、共用主语、使用指代的情况下尤其需要注意。

  We thought she was charming, intelligent, and a very capable young woman.

  → We thought she was charming, intelligent, and very capable.

  Or: We thought she was a charming, intelligent, and very capable young woman.

  He was knocked down by a bicycle, but it was not serious.

  → He was knocked down by a bicycle, but was not badly injured.

  Looking out of the window, the grassland stretches as far as the eye can reach.

  → Looking out of the window, we can see the grassland stretching as far as the eye can reach.

  Or: Outside the window, the grassland stretches as far as the eye can reach.

  He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, which nobody believed.

  → He gave a reason, which nobody believed, for not attending the meeting.

  Or: He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, a reason which nobody believed.

  3. 简洁:英美文化推崇坦率和直接,通常不需要体现咱儒家文化的含蓄和委婉。

  It was small in size and blue in colour.

  → It was small and blue.

  He usually likes to drink all kinds of wines that are produced in France.

  → He prefers French wines.

  4. 强调:正如每篇文章都要有中心思想(main idea),每个段落都要有主题句(topic sentence)一般,每个句子都要围绕一个中心观点清晰地呈现出作者想要表现的重点。

  He is modest and hardworking and is a good student.

  → He is a good student, modest and hardworking.

  There is a big tree, which is said to be 300 years old, in the temple.

  → In the temple there is a big tree, which is said to be 300 years old.

  At the sight of the disorderly crowd, he was aware that something bad would be possible.

  → The moment he saw the disorderly crowd, he knew that something bad would happen.

  5. 多样:中文重重复,英文重替代,中英差异使然。

名师答疑 

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