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剑桥雅思14test1听力section3真题文本+答案及解析

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摘要:剑桥雅思真题是剑桥大学考试委员会编写的,试题的类型、思路和特点上都有一定的权威性,是雅思考生为备考所必需准备的书。今天三立在线教育为大家带来剑桥雅思14test1听力section3真题文本,希望能帮助大家,更多剑桥雅思资讯请关注三立在线剑桥雅思频道。 SECTION 3 Questions 21-30 Questions 21-25 Choose the correct letter, A B or C Cities built by the sea

  剑桥雅思真题是剑桥大学考试委员会编写的,试题的类型、思路和特点上都有一定的权威性,是雅思考生为备考所必需准备的书。今天三立在线教育为大家带来剑桥雅思14test1听力section3真题文本,希望能帮助大家,更多剑桥雅思资讯请关注三立在线剑桥雅思频道。

剑桥雅思真题14test1听力Section3真题

Cities built by the sea

  SECTION 3 Questions 21-30

  Questions 21-25

  Choose the correct letter, A B or C

  21 Carla and Rob were surprised to leam that coastal cities

  A contain nearly half the world's population

  B include most of the world' s largest cities

  C are growing twice as fast as other cities

  22 According to Rob, building coastal cities near to rivers

  A may bring pollution to the cities.

  B may reduce the land available for agriculture

  C may mean the countryside is spoiled by industry.

  23 What mistake was made when building water drainage channels in Miami in

  the 1950s?

  A There were not enough of them

  B They were made of unsuitable materials

  C They did not allow for the effects of climate change

  24 What do Rob and Carla think that the authorities in Miami should do immediately?

  A take measures to restore ecosystems

  B pay for a new fiood prevention system

  C stop disposing of waste materials into the ocean

  25 What do they agree should be the priority for intemational action?

  A greater coordination of activities

  B more sharing of information

  C agreement on shared policies

  Questions 26-30

  What decision do the students make about each of the following parts of their presentation?

  Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G, next to

  Questions 26-30

  Desisions

  A use visuals

  B keep it short

  C involve other students

  D check the information is accurate

  E provide a handout

  F focus on one example

  G do online research

  Parts of the presentation

  26 Historical background______

  27 Geographical factors______

  28 Past mistakes______

  29 Future risks______

  30 International implications______

剑桥雅思真题14test1听力Section 1答案及解析

  场景介绍

  学生Rob和Carla 在讨论即将进行的关于城市规划的课题报告。两人选定的主题是 “沿海大城市” 。在研究过程中, 两名学生发现大多数大 型城市都建在海滨, 更确切地说是河流的入海口。 随着城市的扩大, 农业、 工业随之兴盛,但由此带来的水污染问题也更加严峻。 两人还发现这些城市有类似的建设规划问题, 而这些 问题无法靠每个城市独立解决, 需要调动全世界的智慧资源共同解决。

  文本及疑难解析

1. Yeah, though that’s all cities, not just ones on也E coast. But most of the biggest cities are actually built by the sea, I'd not realised 出at before.是的, 是所有的城市, 不仅仅是沿海城市(发展快速)。 但事实上大多数大城市都是沿海建造的, 我以前没有意识到这个。

  2. Well, as the city exp阳出,agriculture and industry tend to spread further inland along the rivers, and so agriculture moves even fur出er inland up the river. That’s not necessarily a problem, except it means more and more pollutants are discharged into the rivers.随着城市(规模)扩大, 农业、 工业沿河向内陆地区发展, 所以农业继续转移到内陆河流之上(的区域)。 这原本不是个问题, 除了越来越多的污染物被 排放到河里。necessarily一词直译为 “必须地, 必要地” , 在本句中指农业向内陆的发展不一定是件坏事, 除了对河流造成污染, 但在中文表达中不必译出。

  3. Yeah, they spent quite a lot of mor y on th err

  So由ey built the drainage channels too close to sea level, and now sea levels are rising, they’re more or less useless.是的 , 他们在这上面(指排水渠)花了不少钱。 但他们没考虑到全球变暖, 所以排水渠建得太接近于海平面。 现在海平面上升, 这些沟渠基本没用了。

  4.No. Really they just need to find the money for something to replace the drainage channels, in order toprotect ag但nst flooding now. But in the long te口丑they need to consider the whole ecosystem. 不, 其实他们只需要找到资金, 替换现有的排水渠以进免洪灾, 但从长期来看, 他们需要考虑到整个生态系统。

  protect ag也nst something 指 “保卫……以免受到·

  5. But it’s going to be a long time before countries come to a decision on what principles th町’re prep缸ed to abide by. 但让所有的国家对他们准备共同遵守的原则做出决定需要花费很长的时间。abide by 为固定 搭配, 意为 “遵守” 。

  6. We should mention some geographical factors, things like wetlands and river estuaries and coastal erosion and so on. We could have some maps of different cities with these features marked. 我们需要提及一些地 理因素, 比如沼泽地、 河湾和海岸侵蚀等。 我们可以有一些标注着这些特征的不同城市的地图。

剑14test1听力Section 3答案

  Section 3. Questions 21-30

  21 B

  22 A

  23 C

  24 B

  25 A

  26 B

  27 A

  28 F

  29 G

 

  30 C

  题目解析

  本节由 21 ~25 单选题和 26 ~ 30 搭配题组成。单选题相对较难,1昆淆信息设置较多。搭配题考查词汇不难, 但需要反应迅速。

  2所到 题干词 coastal 在原文中以名词形式 coast 出现, 可以帮助定位。 选项 B 符合含义, 仅 l缸gest 与原文biggest 同义替换。 选项 A 、 C提及倍数关系,但原文未涉及。

  22到 题干问及 building coastal cities ne缸 to rivers, 在原文中以 along the rivers/up the river 定位。原文称 it means more and more pollutants are discharged into the rivers,指污染物被排放至河流中,与选项A有关,又未完全符合, 选项 A称 “为城市带来污染” ,但原文指的是对水源造成污染。 而后原文又称 these are brought downstream to the ci恼, 指污染物又顺流而下到了(其他)城市(或城市的其他部分), 因此还是对城市本身造成污染。本题理解难度较大。

  23以 本题以题干专有名词 Mi扭让和 1950s 定位。 原文中的 but,作为转折关联词, 是重要信号词。 考生需 要掌握 global w缸由吨属于 climate change, 全球变暖=气候变化。

  24换 题干词 authorities 原文重现。原文中的 stop disposing of waste water 与选项 C. stop disposing of waste materials into the ocean 接近,但该选项立即被 that won’t help with flood prevention 否定, 而后又提出 由eyjust need to find the mon町, 与选项 B 吻合。虽然原文又提及 ecosystem,但 m the long term 指 “长 远来看” ,与题干词 immediately 不符。

  25到 题干词 international 原文重现。 原文提及需要国际上诸多国家做的是 work to咎由町, 选项 A 中的 coordination 符合含义。 实现 work toge由町 的最大障碍是 come to an agreement, 本题是关于需要做的 事, 而不是有何困难, 选项 C 具有强迷惑性。本题较难。

 

  26-30. 搭配题考查同义替换及词汇理解, 所有题干词均原文重现, 考生需掌握以下表达, 并快速反应。

 

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