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剑桥雅思10听力test2 Section3答案+解析

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摘要:剑桥雅思真题是剑桥大学考试委员会编写的,试题的类型、思路和特点上都有一定的权威性,是雅思考生为备考所必需准备的书。今天三立在线教育为大家带来剑桥雅思10听力test2 Section3答案+解析,希望能帮助大家,更多剑桥雅思资讯请关注三立在线剑桥雅思频道。 ● 谈话场景:作业讨论场景 ● 人物关系:同学之间 ● 谈话话题:托尔海尔

  剑桥雅思真题是剑桥大学考试委员会编写的,试题的类型、思路和特点上都有一定的权威性,是雅思考生为备考所必需准备的书。今天三立在线教育为大家带来剑桥雅思10听力test2 Section3答案+解析,希望能帮助大家,更多剑桥雅思资讯请关注三立在线剑桥雅思频道。

  ● 谈话场景:作业讨论场景

  ● 人物关系:同学之间

  ● 谈话话题:托尔·海尔达尔

  交际与语言表达

  1. 本篇是关于两位同学的作业讨论,介绍挪威的人类学者、海洋生物学者、探险家Thor Heyerdahl(托尔·海尔达尔)。男生提议“start with the early life of Thor Heyerdahl”。“start with”意为“以……开始”。

  2. 随后他们谈到“... it’s unusual for children to develop their own values and not join in their parents’ hobbies; I’m thinking of how Heyerdahl wouldn’t go hunting with his dad» for example.”其中join in =take part in,意为“参加”;“go hunting”意为“打猎”。

  3. ...he preferred to learn about nature...,“prefer to”意为“更喜欢”。

  4. 托尔·海尔达尔结婚后同妻子学习了一些基本生存技能,原因是“they needed that knowledge in order to live wild in a remote location with few inhabitants, cut off by the sea(为了在人烟稀少,被大海隔绝的偏远野外生存,他们需要掌握这些基本生存技能)”。其中in order to(为了)表示目的,位置比较灵活,可置于句首,也可以放在句中。“cut off”意为“切断,阻隔”。

  5. ... that he happened to find on the island.其中“happen to”意为“碰巧,偶然发生”。

  6. 接着,女生开始讲托尔·海尔达尔的adult life(成年生活):“... Heyerdahl spent ages studying the cloud movements, ocean currents and wind patterns to find if it was actually possible(海尔达尔花了很多时间研究云体运动、洋流和风向,以此推断波利尼西亚移民说理论的准确性)”。其中。“花时间做某事”的固定用法为“spend time doing sth.”。

  7. 然后又讲海尔达尔的研究在一段时间内中止过,原句为“And the poor guy suffered a bit at that time because the war forced him to stop his work for some years... ”。其中“force sb. to do sth.”意为“强迫某人做某事”。本句意为“由于战争,他被迫停止了研究工作……”。

  8. I think he sailed there in a boat made out of reeds.其中“sth. made out of sth.”是指在某样原材料上加工获得新物品,还可以看出原材料的样子,而当“of”换成“from”即“sth. made out from sth.”,往往是指从某原材料中提取一些物质用于加工成另一种东西。

  9. ... he certainly left a lasting impression on many disciplines...(他在许多学科上留下了难以磨灭的印象)。其中“leave... impression on...”意为“地……上留下……印象”。

  10. ... his ideas about where Polynesians originated from have been completely discredited(他的那些关于波利尼西亚人起源的想法被全盘否定了)。其中“originate from”意为“起源于”。

  考题解析

  Questions 21-22 B C (IN EITHER ORDER)

  听前预测:定位词为hobbies、interested、youth。

  题目解析:本题选项中camping是一个很大的干扰项,因为女同学说是camping trips使得主人公很想当探险者,但男同学立即纠正说“it was climbing that he spent his time on as a young man”,因此B入选。原文中还有一句很明显表明主人公兴趣的话,即“his passion for collecting things”,因此C也可选。因此答案为B和C。

  Questions 23-24 BE (IN EITHER ORDER)

  听前预测:定位词为reasons、island

  题目解析:根据“... they decided to experience living on a small island, to find out how harsh weather conditions shaped people’s lifestyles(他们决定体验小岛生活,并探索恶劣天气条件下,人们生活方式的形成)”可对应选项B“to experience an isolated place(经历与世隔绝)”和选项E“to study the impact of an extreme environment(研究极端环境造成的影响)”。因此答案为B和E。

  Question 25 A

  听前预测:定位词为Polynesian migration、east。

  题目解析:听完“... Polynesia from Asia, in the west”,随后就出现了本题考点句“... they thought that travel from the east was impossible, because of the huge, empty stretch of ocean that lies between the islands and the nearest inhabited land(岛屿和最近的聚居地之间是广阔无垠的海洋)”以此表明距离很遥远,移民基本是不可能的,因此选A。

  Question 26 C

  听前预测:定位词为main reason、raft journey。

  题目解析:男生说曾认为raft journey纯粹是因为private reasons,例如向他人展示可以进行刺激的冒险活动,但女生说“I think it was more a matter of simply trying out his idea, to see if migration from the east was possible.(我认为这更可能是他想要验证自己的想法,看看从东方移民是否可能)”,也就是想验证新的理论,因此选C。

  Question 27 C

  听前预测:定位词为most important。

  题目解析:此题比较好定位,most important直接出现在原文中:“The most important factor seems to have been that he use only ancient techniques and local materials to build his raft.”C选项中的“authentic construction methods”同义替换了“use only ancient techniques and local materials to build”,因此选C。

  Question 28 A

  听前预测:定位词为Easter Island。

  题目解析:本题B选项可造成一定的干扰,当提到Easter Island时,出现了有关于reed boat的信息,但仔细听后面的话就可得知那并不是发生在Easter Island的那次探险,而是之后的埃及探险。再后面才会听到出题句“... talk to the local people about their old stone carvings and then make one himself to learn more about the process”,因此选A。

  Question 29 B

  听前预测:定位词为greatest influence。

  题目解析:本题“greatest influence”在录音中同义转换成了“the first person to establish...”,由此可定位到出题句“To my mind, he was the first person to establish what modern academics call practical archaeology.(在我看来,他开创了当代学术界所说的“实用考古学”)”,因此选B。

  Question 30 A

  听前预测:定位词为 criticism、William Oliver’s textbook。

  题目解析:本题三个选项的中心词分别是风格、内容和研究方法。出题句“... although I must say I found the overall tone somewhat old-fashioned. I think they need to do a new, revised edition.”是对 William Oliver’s textbook的看法,里面很明显地提到了overall tone somewhat old-fashioned,因此选A。

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