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2019年1月12日雅思考试内容解析

2019-01-14 13:48 小马过河 admin

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摘要:听力部分 listening 考试概述 概况:这次考试填空题占比正常,难度适中;S1出现5题基本功(姓名,时间两题基数词和参考编号),基数词和时间的题目要小心干扰项,S1其它的题目单词比较简单都是名词,但说话者口音较重有的同学可能会受影响;S2出现的单选选项不长,地图匹配题因为图片信息出现东西南北,所以方位词的表达上可能会涉及

听力部分
listening
  考试概述


  概况:这次考试填空题占比正常,难度适中;S1出现5题基本功(姓名,时间两题基数词和参考编号),基数词和时间的题目要小心干扰项,S1其它的题目单词比较简单都是名词,但说话者口音较重有的同学可能会受影响;S2出现的单选选项不长,地图匹配题因为图片信息出现东西南北,所以方位词的表达上可能会涉及东西南北,有的同学可能会遗漏; S4填空答案词难度不高,有一题出现名词复数,还有一句话中同时出现两题的情况,学生要细心,想要考高分的同学需要多练习填词准确度,并做好预测。
  题目分析
Section 1
  新题/旧题:旧题
  场景:旅游保险
  主题:一位女士投诉航空公司多收了孩子的钱的对话
  题型及数量:10填空题
  考试题目+答案:
  1-10) completion
  1. Name: Quigley
  2. ordered 4 return ticket(round way; single ticket 特别强调了不是单程进行干扰)
  3. departure time: 11:45 (trap: 14:20 is the arrival time)
  4. two problems:
  Miscalculated the children’s rate as an adult
  网站为旅客提供了这个website;每档在网上购票输入乘机人信息后,点确认订单
  Just flip put a box of error message page
  5. one adult can bring 2 kids at most allowed(仅限国内航班,这女的有3个孩子,说以前飞国外就可以带3个,客服说国内限制no more than 2 kids allowed,以后国际航班也会设限)
  6. free ticket for kid whose age: under 12 years old (她说她的孩子没有12岁以上的,12岁以上需要收费)
  7. children have less food (女的说孩子在飞机上吃的比大人少,客服说还需要给他们准备玩具和画笔)
  8. what if the huge family and school group will do … the woman asked (女的说,那你这样对large family和学校团体不公平)
  9. letter will be sent to the manager (trap: 女的说要给service customer,客服说给manager就可以了,并且告诉她现在淡季在一周内就会有答复,并且会给出reference number)
  10. reference number No. JBK8422 (另有回忆为GBK8422)
  考点:基本功考察,注意区分字幕G/J;说话者口音较重会受影响。
  可参考真题:C9T3S1;C8T2S1;C7T2S1
Section 2
  新题/旧题:旧题
  场景:地理农业
  主题:澳洲堪培拉的地理和农业
  题型及数量:4单选+6地图匹配
  考试题目+答案:
  11-14)Multiple Choice
  11. This city is different to other Australian city because:
  A. it is an inland city
  B. located in high altitude
  C. 暂缺
  12. What kind of information should be recorded?
  A. the duration of the frost
  B. number of frosts
  C. the average temperature for planting
  13. What does he think of local rainfall?
  A. plentiful
  B. seasonal
  C. not reliable/not predictable
  14. What does he think of the soil?
  A. it does not help plant absorb water
  B. too acid
  C. soil contain more minerals
  15-20)Map Matching
  15. North (offering shade)-B
  16. (garage door)-D
  17. Ash-C
  18. H
  19. West-A
  20. E
  考点:地图题做题方法及方位词的使用
  可参考真题:C11T1S2;C11T2S2
Section 3
  新题/旧题:新题
  场景:教育
  主题:单词教学
  题型及数量:待补充
  考试题目+答案:待补充
  考点:待补充
  可参考真题:待补充
Section 4
  新题/旧题:旧题
  场景:建筑
  主题:在沙漠里建造一座新城
  题型及数量:10填空题
  考试题目+答案:
  31. orientation-desert needs wind shade to cool
  32. 可以在snow consumption of electricity in a display
  33. take a shower 时间可以看到water temperature and time 消耗,是可控的
  34. 农村里的人民乘车using electronic cars without a driver when people get around
  35. 路两边建 glass pavement, using mirrors collect sun-successfully, 收集太阳能 solar
  36. large umbrella is shaping like a flower, 保护人们防止晒伤
  37. Landscape: using ash adding into concrete with acid to the building’s exterior(外部的)
  38. there’s a park in the centre of the city
  39. every road 之间会有 a fountain for people walk
  20年后-developer 要给centre of town 还是city 建一个降温
  40. in the future, houses will have lowest carbon emission
  考点:同意替换,结构转换。
  可参考真题:C4T3S4;C9T3S4;C11T2S4
  词汇补充
场景词
  Section 1
  booking
  reservation
  return
  single
  departure
  insurance
  customer
  reference
  payment
  permission
  fee
  refund
  Section 2
  inland
  number
  frost
  reliable
  predictable
  plant
  absorb
  north
  west
  ash
  shade
  garage
  Section 4
  residence
  halls
  education
  lecture rooms
  architecture
  facilities
  windows
  floors
  concrete
  waste
  canal
  bridge
  curved
  curtains
定位词
  ticket
  departure
  problems
  message
  adult
  age
  children
  family
  group
  letter
  reference
  Australian
  Information
  local
  rainfall
  soil
  desert
  snow
  electronic
  glass
  umbrella
  landscape
  centre
  road
  future
  emission
同意替换词
  order
  flip
  bring
  free
  less
  huge
  high altitude
  duration
  number
  plentiful
  seasonal
  acid
  orientation
  consumption
  without
  get around
  collect
  large
  shape
  add
  lowest
阅读部分
Reading
  考试概述
  今天的阅读试题一篇旧题两篇新题,整体难度不大。
  题目分析
  Passage 1
  文章题材:说明文(人文实验)
  文章题目:对于脸盲症的研究
  文章难度:★★
  文章内容:待补充
  题型及数量:待补充
  题目及答案:待补充
  可参考真题:C13T1P2:Why being is stimulating-and useful,too
  Passage 2
  文章题材:说明文(自然科普)
  文章题目:Mammoth kill (猛犸象)
  文章难度:★★★
  文章内容:
  文章介绍了猛犸象在外观和生活习性等方面,与现代大象之间关系。并且比较了了三位科学家(John Alroy,Graham和MacPhee)对于猛犸象可能原因的猜想。
  题型及数量:段落填空题7+人名匹配题6
  题目及答案:
  14. hunting
  15. overkill model
  16. disease
  17. empirical evidence
  18. climatic instability
  19. geographical ranges
  20. Younger Dryas event
  21. A
  22. B
  23. A
  24. B
  25. B
  26. C
  可参考真题:C12T4P2:Bring back the big cats
  考试原文:(上下滑动查看)
  Mammoth Kill
  Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived from the Pliocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Holocene at about 4,500 years ago, and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.
  A  Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known species reached heights in the region of 4m at the shoulder and weights up to 8 tonnes, while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes. However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern Asian elephant. Both sexes boretusks. A first, small set appeared at about the age of six months and these were replaced at about 18 months by the permanent set. Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about 1 to 6 inches per year. Based on studies of their close relatives, the modern elephants, mammoths probably had a gestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single calf being born. Their social structure was probably the same as that of African and Asian elephants, with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst bulls lived solitary lives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.
  B  MEXICO CITY-Although it's hard to imagine in this age of urban sprawl and automobiles. North America once belonged to mam moths, camels, ground sloths as large as cows, bear-size beavers and other formidable beasts. Some 11,000 years ago, however, these large bodied mammals and others-about 70 species in all-disappeared. Their demise coincided roughly with the arrival of humans in the New World and dramatic climatic change-factors that have inspired several theories about the die-off. Yet despite decades of scientific investigation, the exact cause remains a mystery. Now new findings offer support to one of these controversial hypotheses: that human hunting drove this megafaunal menagerie to extinction. The overkill model emerged in the 1960s, when it was put forth by Paul S. Martin of the University of Arizona. Since then, critics have charged that no evidence exists to support the idea that the first Americans hunted to the extent necessary to cause these extinctions. But at the annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology in Mexico City last October, paleoecologist John Alroy of the University of California at Santa Barbara argued that, in fact, hunting-driven extinction is not only plausible, it was unavoidable. He has determined, using a computer simulation, that even a very modest amount of hunting would have wiped these animals out.
  C  Assuming an initial human population of 100 people that grew no more than 2 percent annually, Alroy determined that if each band of, say, 50 people killed 15 to 20 large mammals a year, humans could have eliminated the animal populations within I, 000 years. Large mammals in particular would have been vulnerable to the pressure  because they have longer gestation periods than smaller mammals and their young require extended care.
  D  Not everyone agrees with Alroy's assessment. For one, the results depend in part on population-size estimates for the extinct animals-figures that are not necessarily reliable. But a more specific criticism comes from mammalogist Ross D.E.MacPhee of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, who points out that the relevant archaeological record contains barely a dozen examples of stone points embedded in mammoth bones (and none, it should be noted, are known from other megafaunal remains)-hardly what one might expect if hunting drove these animals to extinction. Furthermore, some of these species had huge ranges-the giant Jefferson's ground sloth, for example, lived as far north as the Yukon and as far south as Mexico-which would have made slaughtering them in numbers sufficient to cause their extinction rather implausible, he says.
  E  MacPhee agrees that humans most likely brought about these extinctions (as well as others around the world that coincided with human arrival), but not directly. Rather he suggests that people may have introduced hyperlethal disease, perhaps through their dogs or hitchhiking vermin, which then spread wildly among the immunologically naive species of the New World. As in the overkill model, populations of large mammals would have a harder time recovering. Repeated outbreaks of a hyperdisease could thus quickly drive them to the point of no return. So far MacPhee does not have empirical evidence for the hyperdisease hypothesis, and it won't be easy to come by: hyperlethal disease would kill far too quickly to leave its signature on the bones themselves. But he hopes that analyses of tissue and DNA from the last mammoths to perish will eventually reveal murderous microbes.
  F  The third explanation for what brought on this North American extinction does not involve human beings. Instead its proponents blame the loss on the weather. The Pleistocene epoch witnessed considerable climatic instability, explains paleontologist Russell W.Graham of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. As a result, certain habitats disappeared, and species that had once formed communities split apart. For some animals, this change brought opportunity. For much of the megafauna, however, the increasingly homogeneous environment left them with shrinking geographical ranges-a death sentence for large animals, which need large ranges. Although these creatures managed to maintain viable populations through most of the Pleistocene, the final major fluctuation-the so- called Younger Dryas event-pushed them over the edge, Graham says. For his part, Alroy is convinced that human hunters demolished the titans of the lce Age. The overkill model explains everything the disease and climate scenarios explain, he asserts, and makes accurate predictions about which species would eventually go extinct. "Personally, I'm a vegetarian," he remarks, "and I find all of this kind of gross-but believable."
  Passage 3
  文章题材:说明文(自然科普)
  文章题目:失重
  文章难度:★★★
  文章内容:待补充
  题型及数量:待补充
  可参考真题:C9T2P2: Venus in transit
  补充词汇
话题词
  Cultural research 人文实验类
  1.     assessment 评估
  2.     case study 个案研究
  3.     discrimination 歧视
  4.     gender 性别
  5.     hypothesis 假设
  6.     life span 生命跨度
  7.     migration 移民
  8.     ideology 意识形态
  9.     juvenile 青少年
  10.   methodology 方法论
同意替换词
  1.     achievement=attainment=success
  2.     afflict=suffer
  3.     agree on=concur on
  4.     anticipate=expected=predict
  5.     correlation=bind=connect
  6.     creat=establish=found
  7.     destroy=undermine=jeopardize=impede
  8.     rudimentary=undeveloped=fundamental=basic
  9.     disappear=die out=vanish
  10.   distinction=unique
写作部分

  Writing


  TASK 1
  题目:男女在公共机构(government institution)和私人机构(private institution)的每周工作时长
  类型:饼图静态图
  考点/写作要点:
  分段:主体一段:government(国企)男女工作时间;
  主体二段:private company(私企)男女工作时间;
  主体三段:男女工作时间总对比。
  注意单词的改写 ,如government employees=official workers=officials
  关注各图中的极值,要注意使用最高级,以及句型的变换。如:
  a. For male working hour in the government, the highest one (accounts for) 30%, which is working over 46 hours per week.
  b. 3% of male officials work over 46 hours every week, and it constitutes the highest percentage of weekly working hours.
  关注题目中相似的值,如国企里女性工作13-30hrs和31-45hrs的时长相同;
  在主题三段男女分别作比较时,可以关注差距/倍数/分数/相似。例如在国企,男性工作每周工作时长1~2小时的有23%,大约是私企的四倍(5%);在国企,女性每周工作时长1~2小时的有36%,正好是私企的两倍。
  范文:
  The four charts provide information about five different weekly working hours in two social sectors: government and private corporation, based on gender.
  In government, 30% of male officials work over 46 hours every week, and it constitutes the highest percentage of male weekly working hours. Only 9% of male employees work between 13-30 hours. Also, it is noticeable that both 23% of them work for 1-2 hours and 6-12 hours. As for females, the highest percentage accounts for 35%, which is working between 6-12 hours weekly. However, only 4% of female officials weekly working time is above 46 hours. The other three kinds of working hours are similar (1-2hours, 13-30 hours, 31-4 hours), account for 18%, 23% and 20% respectively.
  In private sector, the highest male working hours is over 46 hours, takes up of 34%. It is worth pointing out that only 5% of male workers work for 1-2 hours. For those working between 6-45 hours, the proportions all take up around 20%. As for females, the highest working hour is 6-12 (35%), and the lowest one is above 46 (4%)。 Similarly, the other proportions are around 20%.
  Overall, the average working hours for male employees in both sectors are over 46 hours, followed an average number of by 6-12hours.
  TASK 2
  You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
  Write about the following topic:
  When new towns are planned, it is important to build more public parks or sports facilities than shopping centers for people to spend their free time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
  Write at least 250 words.
  机经版本:
  题目类型:同意与否
  话题:城市建设类
  TA/TR(key words):

  思路/提纲:


  范文:
  While the price of real estate is rocketing in metropolitan cities in recent decades, the living space for city dwellers is drastically squeezed. This situation does not only mean the square meter of their home, but also refer to the outdoor public space and commercial buildings they are allowed to utilize.
  City residents need space to do outdoor activities. They need to walk their dogs, do exercises, or play with their little children. Equipped with some sports facilities, these places can serve a role of encouraging physical activities and healthy lifestyles. Public open space also facilitates local residents to meet their neighbors and feel to be included in a community. This sense of belonging can be vital for the establishment of a healthy and safe cohesive community. Open areas are the most significant for children. Especially for those children with no siblings, the public ground around their home is the place where they regularly socialize with their peers in their neighborhood.
  Of course, plazas, gardens and parks occupy land, posing a real challenge for metropolis planners, who have to balance between the growing demand for residence as well as commercial buildings and recreational infrastructures. Furthermore, the size of such facilities should also be under scrutiny. A large civic central square does not actually serve a better function for local residents than a smaller one around home because the distance travelled between would be long, and this inconvenience can discourage people from regular participation. Imagine the Tiananmen Square, not in Beijing but in a town with small population in a regional area. Would it serve its best to local people?
  Therefore, here is my conclusion that citizens deserve large commercial shopping centres for recreational purposes. In the meantime, small sporting facilities ought to be established outside each residential quarter.
  (298 words)
  范文分数:7分

  词汇及短语:


口语部分
Speaking
  考频排行

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