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范文版 - 8月11日雅思小作文预测

2018-08-06 18:00 小马过河 admin

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摘要:8月11日小作文预测 考察一级重点为静表、静柱、动饼、地图 二级重点为动柱、动表、静饼 三级重点为线图、静饼、流程图 1. The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development. 范文: Given are two maps comparing the center of Islip at present and in the future. Some new buildings are expected in the future. As the first map reveals, lslip town center

  8月11日小作文预测
  考察一级重点为静表、静柱、动饼、地图
  二级重点为动柱、动表、静饼
  三级重点为线图、静饼、流程图

  1. The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.



  范文:
  Given are two maps comparing the center of Islip at present and in the future. Some new buildings are expected in the future.
  As the first map reveals, lslip town center now is relatively small. There is a main road from the west to the east with shops on both sides. The northern area is rarely countryside, while the southern area is filled with houses with a school at the end of the fork road in the southwest corner and a park in southeast.
  In the future, the main road is expected to reform into a dual carriageway as a round containing all the new buildings. The horizontal pedestrian is probably cutting the circle into two semi-circles in the north and south. Bus station, shopping center, car park and new housing are exposed to be built in a line, replacing the previous northern shops from west to east in the northern area. On the other side, to the south of the previous shops, housing area is expected to expend with new houses built, while the former park may suffer reduction.
  Interestingly, the school and houses out of the carriageway in the south may hardly albeit the great development.
  2. The pie charts show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.
  范文:

  The pie charts present the change of the percentage of the energy produced from various sources in a particular country from 1985 to 2003.


  It is clear that oil was the most dominant sources from which the energy was produced throughout the whole period, although it dropped from 52% in 1985 to 39%. Likewise, nuclear also declined, but much less significantly to 17%, becoming the third primary source from which the energy was produced.
  The percentage of natural gas, on the other hand, witnessed the most noticeable increase during the period, rising from 13% in 1985 to 23% in 2003. Coal and other renewable resources, though whose increase was less marked, rising by 5% and 3% respectively.
  Interestingly, the proportion of the energy produced from the hydrogen remained stable in 1985 and 2003, making it the least used sources from which the energy was produced.
  Overall, oil, natural gas and nuclear still constitute a larger proportion of all the sources, while other three sources, namely coal, hydrogen and other renewable, are less used when producing the energy.

  3. The bar chart below shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.


  范文:
  Given is a bar chart comparing the proportion of males and females in Australia about the condition of the regular physical activities by different age groups in 2010. Generally, men were more active in physical practice than women only in their early age before 25.
  It is clear to see that the men with 15 to 24 years old held the biggest percent with 52.8% in physical activities, compared with 47.7% in the same age group of women. And men were less willingly after 25 years old, with 39.5% as the smallest proportion in the age of 35 to 44.
  Conversely, females showed great interest in physical exercise in their middle age, with the largest proportion of 53.5% between 45 and 54 years old. Females over 65 years old were not expected to take exercise as the younger groups, accounting for only 47.1%.
  Overall, females were more interested in physical exercise than males over all ages in 2010. The gaps of the proportion between males and females in regular physical exercise in middle age were much wider than other groups.

  4. The table below shows changes in the numbers of residents cycling to work in different areas of the UK between 2001 and 2011.


  范文:
  The table compares the number of people who cycled to work in twelve areas of the UK in the year 2001 and 2011.
  Overall , the number of UK commuters who travelled to work by bicycle rose considerably over the 10-year period.
  Inner London had by far the highest number of cycling commuters in both years. In 2001,well over 43 thousand residents of inner London commuted by bicycle,and this figure rose to more than 106thousand in 2011,an increase of 144%. By contrast,although outer London had the second highest number of cycling commuters in each year, the percentage change,at only 45%,was the lowest of the twelve areas shown in the table.
  Brighton and Hove saw the second biggest increase(109%)in the number of residents cycling to work,but Bristol was the UK’s second city in terms of total numbers of cycling commuters,with 8108 in 2001 and 15768 in 2011. Figures for the other eight areas were below the 10 thousand mark in both years.

  5.  The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.


  范文:
  These are pie charts indicating information about the percentage of water consumed for 3 different purposes in six regions throughout the world.
  As reflected in the data, agriculture constituted the largest 88% of total water in Central Asia, exceeding that of Africa by 4%. It is immediately followed by South East Asia and South America, where respectively 81% and 71% of water is allocated to agriculture. In contrast, water used either for industry or for households comprised a minority percentage of water among the 4 areas questioned, with water for domestic use in South America accounting for the largest figure at 19% and ranking the first for this purpose among all 6 regions. Besides, the smallest figure of water use among all purposes is recorded in industry in Central Asia, which consumes merely 5% of water in this area.
  The case is totally different in North America and Europe, where industry is the largest water consumer, and where water for this purpose approximates to a half of the total. Next comes agriculture, consuming 39% and 32% of water, and almost doubling that of family use. Also noteworthy is that among six areas, Europe distributes the largest 53% of its water resources to industry.
  Overall, agriculture is the predominant water consumer, while a reversed trend is almost true with domestic use.

  6. The chart below shows the total number of minutes (In billions) of telephone calls In the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.


  范文:
  This chart shows the time spent by UK residents on different types of telephone calls between 1995 and 2002.
  Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising form 72 billion minutes in 1995 to just under 90 billion in 1998. After peaking at 90 billion the following year, these calls had fallen back to the 1995 figure by 2002.
  Natural and international fixed line calls grew steadily from 38 billion to 61 billion at the end of the period in question, though the growth slowed over the last two years.
  There was a dramatic increase in mobile calls from 2 billion to 46 billion minutes. The rise was particularly noticeable between 1999 and 2002, during which time the use of mobile phones tripled.

  To sum up, although local fixed line calls were still the most popular in 2002, the gap between the three categories had narrowed considerably over the second half of the period in question.

  7. The table below shows the amount of waste production (in millions of tonnes) in six different countries over a twenty-year period.


  范文:
  The chart compares the amounts of waste that were produced in six countries in the years 1980, 1990 and 2000.
  In each of these years, the US produced more waste than Ireland, Japan, Korea, Poland and Portugal combined. It is also noticeable that Korea was the only country that managed to reduce its waste output by the year 2000.
  Between 1980 and 2000, waste production in the US rose from 131 to 192 million tonnes, and rising trends were also seen in Japan, Poland and Portugal. Japan's waste output increased from 28 to 53 million tonnes, while Poland and Portugal saw waste totals increase from 4 to 6.6 and from 2 to 5 million tonnes respectively.
  The trends for Ireland and Korea were noticeably different from those described above. In Ireland, waste production increased more than eightfold, from only 0.6 million tonnes in 1980 to 5 million tonnes in 2000. Korea, by contrast, cut its waste output by 12 million tonnes between 1990 and 2000.

  8. The illustrations below show how chocolate is produced.


  范文:
  The diagram shows the stages in the process of making chocolate.
  Chocolate comes from the cacao tree, which is grown in parts of South America, Africa and Indonesia. The tree produces large red pods which contain white cocoa beans. Firstly, when the pods are ripe, they are harvested, the beans are removed and they are fermented for several days in large wooden boxes. During the fermenting process, the beans turn brown.
  Next, the brown beans are?spread <http://top.zhan.com/cihui/ielts-spread.html>?in the sun to dry. They are then put in large sacks and transported by train or lorry. After this, the beans are taken to a chocolate?fact <http://top.zhan.com/cihui/ielts-fact.html>ory where they are roasted in an oven at temperatures of between 250 and 350 degree Celsius.
  After being roasted, the beans are crushed and the outer shell is removed. This part is not needed for making chocolate. Finally, the inner part of the bean is pressed and liquid chocolate is produced.

  9. The graph below shows average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy and Portugal between 1967 and 2007.


  范文:
  The line graph describes the changes in average emissions of CO2 per person in four different countries from 1967-2007.
  In 1967, the largest emission was in the UK, with 11 metric tons per person. It was followed by Sweden and Italy (around 9 metric tons and 4.5 metric tons respectively)。 Portugal emitted the smallest amount of CO2 - lower than 2 metric tons.
  Clearly, the UK remained the country with the largest amount of CO2 emission over this period, although there was a decline to 9 metric tons in 2007. Sweden CO2 emission peaked at just above 10 metric tons in 1977 before decreasing swiftly to 5.5 metric tons in 2007.
  Italy and Sweden showed an opposite trend during the following years. The emission in Italy overtook that in Sweden in 1988. After that, it rose to just below 8 metric tons in 2007, while Portugal saw the most drastic rise, with its emission increasing to the same level of Sweden eventually.

  Overall, the graph clearly shows how the emission level in the UK and Sweden decreased and the CO2 emissions in the remaining two countries increased over the four decades.


  大作文预测
  一级重点:科技类、媒体类、健康类、抽象类
  二级重点:社会类、文化类、教育类、工作类
  三级重点:环境类、政府类、犯罪类、全球化类

  四级重点:交通类、旅行类、家庭类


  1. People are surrounded by advertising and there is an increasing effect on our lives. Do you think positive effects outweigh the negative effects?
  解题思路:
  积极影响:1.提供给消费者大量信息2.公益广告有教育意义
  消极影响:1.虚假广告2.导致消费主义
  范文:
  Although we may pride ourselves on our good tastes,we are on longer free to choose the things we want because advertisements have been exerting a subtle influence on us. Perhaps nothing has received more praise and abuse than advisements, As I see it, the merits of ads far outweigh its possible demerits.
  Seen from the positive aspects, ads can bring us a number of benefits. First, ads have immense value in terms of providing consumers with a pool of useful information. More precisely, with ads, it is easy to get a great deal of up-to-the-minute information and to compare the qualities of different products supplied in the market and to buy our desirable goods at reasonable prices. Further, numerous public-service ads could enact the role of educator. To illustrate, the ads about wildlife protection arouse the public attention to those endangered species in natural reserves. Last, those ads containing artistic or humorous elements could add spice to our daily life, the i-phone ads could serve as a convincing example.
  Nonetheless,under no circumstances can we overlook the potential downsides triggered by ads. First, unlawful or fake ads are besieged with unrealistic slogans, flowery phrases or empty promises. A case in point is that some make-up or medicine ads represented by greedy stars not only make consumers suffer economically,but also threaten their health. Further, products represented by some popular actors or singers exert a negative influence on the young. Immature consumers tend to buy the goods praised by their favorite stars although they might not really need the goods. Hence, ads impose much pressure upon consumers economically.
  In closing, ads is a double-edged sword, which can be used equally for good or evil, what is of the utmost importance is to draw on its merits and discard its demerits so as to give it a full play.
  2. Some people think governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to help people prevent illness and disease. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  解题思路:
  一:因为政府足够的权利去调动社会资源,所以1.政府治理雾霾等环境问题2.政府改善卫生问题
  二:公共健康依旧属于个人问题
  范文:
  There is no doubt that people’s health will be influenced directly or indirectly by the environment and housing condition. Whether governments should focus more on the environment and estate has triggered a controversy. I feel that individuals should take more responsibility for their well-being other than government’s increasing attention.
  Indeed, the environmental problems and housing conditions are two main sources for illness and diseases. In many large cities in northern China, haze weather has become a daily killer, especially causing respiratory diseases in winter. Also, populace will easily access to viruses and bacteria if they live in a poor housing condition without any advanced sanitation. Therefore, governments should give more attention and higher investment in these two areas.
  Compared to individuals, governments have more power to arrange a wide range of social resources to address severe issues; however, it does not mean that addressing this problem totally depends on governments. The state is an organizer or a coordinator in our society instead of a responsibility taker. Although governments can claim people to enhance the awareness of environment protection, make policy to strengthen the environment management and invest estate where they need, public health condition is still a personal problem to some degree. People have the obligation to form and keep a healthy and positive lifestyle, or they will still face the threat of illness and diseases even environment and housing condition getting better.
  In conclusion, people can also need to take responsibility of their well-being as governments only hold a position as organizer and coordinator. The most feasible solution may be that governments provide a fine setting on one hand and public should pursue a healthy lifestyle for themselves on the other hand.
  3. Some people believe that the increasing use of the computers and the mobile phones has a negative effect on young people’s reading and writing skill. Do you agree or disagree
  解题思路:
  1.导致出现大量无意识的语法和拼写错误
  2.阅读能力下降,独立思考能力下降
  范文:
  Some educators have warned that the prevalence of mobile phones and the internet has a negative effect on adolescents’ academic ability. I agree with this view.
  Firstly, the wide use of “Internet English” is regarded as the culprit of the declining writing skills. One obvious reason is that young adults may make some grammatical mistakes unconsciously because of the frequent use of improper abbreviations and punctuation on mobile devices, and this might pose a threat to their future career where a professional writing ability is required in most companies. Therefore, many linguists have expressed their concerns that the instant messaging and chatting on mobile phones might harm the ability of using formal written English.
  Secondly, the poor reading proficiency can be put down to the frequent use of technologies as well. Compared to the older generation, young people today are cluttered with different gadgets, like iPad and iPhone. For instance, with easy access to wifi, they can surf the internet anywhere and anytime to follow the latest information of their idols in another country. However, most social networks deliver fragment and useless information, which not only steals time away from solitary reading but also undermine the ability to think independently. In my opinion, this phenomenon should be reversed as soon as possible because reading has a profound effect on a nation’s future.
  In conclusion, while these electronic devices make the communication much more convenient, I am in the camp that they might affect young people’s academic performance negatively.
  4.Some people think that only the best students should be rewarded.?Others, however, think that it is more important to reward students who show improvements. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
  解题思路:
  1.优秀的学生付出更多
  2.激励其他学生努力学习
  1.预防学生学习激情下降
  2.奖励进步的学生有助于提高学习的信心,并最终成为优等生
  范文:
  It is universally believed that providing students with many rewards is an effective way to improve academic performance. Although some would argue that only those top students are eligible to receive these rewards, I am in the camp that anyone who makes progress should be rewarded as well.
  Firstly, advocates believe that it is reasonable to offer prizes to the high-level performers. This is because one needs to pay a great amount of effort than other classmates in order to earn a high grade in the exam. In addition, top performers normally act as a facilitator to encourage other students to work harder and they can create a competitive learning setting in the school.
  However, rewarding top players merely is likely to result in some undesirable results in some occasions. The reason is that those best students are relatively few in the class. If we only pay attention to those few high-level learners and ignore the rest of the students, the enthusiasm for study might be reduced. Some opponents, therefore, feel that it is necessary for teachers to give certain awards to those who put forward reasonable efforts in study. The extrinsic reward provided to them is not only a recognition of their former performance, but also a motivator for further study since a sense of accomplishment can boost their confidence and help them become the high-level students eventually.
  In conclusion, my view is that both types of students should be rewarded, which is beneficial for the learning environment in the campus.
  5.As the transportation and accommodation problem increases in big cities, some governments are encouraging business move from the city to the rural area, do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  解题思路:
  1.办公环境和居住环境更好
  2.城市的环境改善,可以建设更多的基础设施如医院等
  3.改善交通
  1.交通费用会增加
  2.农村地区环境受到影响
  范文:
  It is sometimes argued that some business should be removed from cities to rural areas. Personally, I believe this has more benefits than drawbacks.
  Firstly, suburbs usually have better surroundings than urban areas. This is because companies can provide their employees with a better office environment and living condition there, which would enhance employees’ enthusiasm for work. In addition, a comfortable office environment and living condition can decrease frequency of talent-flowing and ensure companies’ development.
  Secondly, migrating some business to rural areas will make our cities a better place to live in. Large factory buildings will cover urban places extensively. If businesses relocate their factories to rural areas, these places can be used to build roads, parks, hospitals and other public facilities, and there might be less traffic jam in the rush hour. At the same time, governments can plant more greenery to reduce air pollution. As a result, it provides citizens with better air quality, which is beneficial for their health.
  However, we have to admit that this policy still exist some disadvantages. Although moving some business to rural areas can ease traffic problems, it will increase the cost of transportation for those who live in the remote areas. Besides, the ecosystem in rural areas is quite fragile, the over-exploration may cause irreversible damage to our environment if we fail to provide some reasonable plans.
  In conclusion, I believe that moving some business to rural areas will bring more advantages.
  6.We live in cities or towns which have museums displaying objects of historical and cultural importance, but people do not visit them; why do you think people do not visit museums in their local areas? Why museums are important to society?
  解题思路:
  原因一:1.没有时间2.博物馆年久失修3,其他休闲娱乐方式分散了人们的注意力
  原因二:1.开拓视野2.发展成旅游业,促进经济发展
  范文:
  Museums are buildings in which objects of artistic, cultural, historical are displayed and stored. Several decades ago, people are attracted to the museums for various reasons ranging from historical interest to killing time.?Yet, a noticeable phenomenon is that?modern people take less interest in visiting museums.?This essay aims to explore underlying reasons why?so many people lack interest in appreciating the historic objects and understanding native cultures in local museums?and what?functions museums might serve.
  Why?modern people are reluctant to visit museums??Initially, youngsters are too occupied to visit museums.?Due to?ever-accelerating pace of modern life?and?fierce competition,?modern people seldom have time and mood to visit museums.?Also, a great many museums have been worn for years without repair and thus fail to cater to the taste of modern visitors, hence, in the eyes of countless sightseers, they are simply lifeless and unattractive.?Ultimately,?the availability of various recreational facilities?has been distracting?modern people’s attention. ?More precisely, plenteous young adults’ spare time has been allocated to theaters, shopping malls or restaurants.
  Virtually,?on no account can we?brush aside?the immense value of museums.?First,?a museum of natural history or an anthropological museum could not only enlarge one’s knowledge scope but also broaden one’s mental horizons.?After all,?some museums could enact the role of educators?because?they vividly unveil?the mystery of historical events by the storage of historic legacies. A case in point is that a visit to military museums about Chinese opium war will educate the young generation to be more patriotic and inspire them to be more industrious.?Meanwhile,?visitors can reflect on the past and thus learn from historical lessons?so that?one can avoid committing the same blunders.?Further, those precious museums are parts of the city landscape and could be developed into hot tourist attractions,?which?can create great economic value and enhance a city’s reputation.
  In a nutshell, my standpoint is that?museums are ideal places for modern people to acquire history-related knowledge and have a great time.?Therefore,?they have indispensable role to play both for every individual and for the whole society.
  7.International travel often lead to people have some prejudices rather than broad minds. What are the main reasons of this phenomenon? What do you think people can get better understanding of the countries they visit?
  解题思路:
  原因一:旅行中的偏见可能来自历史和风俗的差异
  原因二:旅行中的偏见可能来自文化和传统的差异
  解决办法:为了减少旅行中的偏见,旅行者,导游,当地媒体应该共同努力
  范文:
  Such is human nature to explore those exotic countries and feel the sense of refreshment. Many people desire to expand their minds and enrich their experience of the world during the process of visiting their dream tourism destination. However, some problems inevitably ensue. Instead of feeling the pleasure of travel, what some sightseers feel are only culture prejudice, conflicts and misunderstandings.
  First, historical differences and diverse customs, to some extent, contribute to the bias, misunderstandings and even hostility. A case in point is that eating dog meat is permissible and understandable in some minority areas in China. More precisely, Taiwan people might be quite amazed when hearing or seeing dog meat is edible, for it is illicit and forbidden to persecute dogs in Taiwan. It is conceivable that Taiwan tourists might be quite shocked and disappointed when visiting some Korean minority areas in Mainland China. People there always take dog meat as delicious foods.
  Further, some sightseers’ deeply rooted concept, and diverse life experience account for the appearance of culture prejudice. To illustrate , a kind of benediction like may you child become a dragon might be acceptable in Chinese culture. However, westerners might consider this kind of malediction as a curse for their children, for dragon equals to monster in western culture.
  Several methods should be adopted to help tourists minimize the potential culture bias or emotional misunderstanding. Primarily, before paying a visit to one tourism destination, it is feasible to specialize in the customs, histories and local people’s lifestyle. For example, if a western visitor aims to do some sightseeing in the Chinese minority areas like Tibet, it is wise to get to know some taboo, learn some simple minority language and the minority tradition. Also, efforts should be made by those tourist guides or local mass media to disseminate local cultures and popularize some relevant travel taboo. In this sense, people will acquire the first-hand knowledge and thus have a deeper insight into a new country.
  Overall,it is no easy task to iron out possible bias and conflicts before visiting some hot scenic spots. However, memorable travel experience favors the prepared minds.
  8.In some countries around the world men and women are having babies late in life. What are the reasons? What are the effects on the society and the family?
  解题思路:
  1.从物质来说,很多年轻夫妇没有足够的时间和金钱来养孩子;
  2.从心理来说,很多年轻夫妇希望在生孩子之前享受更多自由时间,比如全世界去旅游,去发展自己的兴趣;
  3.从社会来说,工作晋升的压力使年轻夫妇无法要孩子。
  晚育的好处和坏处也可从这几个层次来考虑:富裕的父母对孩子养育更有利;世界经验丰富的父母能更好地教育孩子;社会地位高的高龄父母更有可能制定有利于晚育父母的政策。当然,晚育有可能对父母的身体造成压力,但发达的现代医学技术能有效解决这个问题。
  范文:
  When Laura Wade-Gery,the boss of Marks and Spencer gave birth to a baby at 50,it immediately made headline news.As a matter of fact,quite many men and women in some countries nowadays have made up their mind to have kids only late in life.To my mind,this trend of the older parents brings more benefits than harms to both the baby and the parents.
  Couples wait to have kids for many different reasons.To begin with,many young couples are not financially ready for a new member coming to the family.More often than not,the newly married couples have just started their career and are still struggling to make their ends meet,and an additional member would be a great burden.But even if free from financial problems,many young couples still refuse to start a family with kids because they wish to develop their various potentials or experience the world before they have kids.Most importantly,many young people put off having babies because the society has very strong parenthood penalties.A mom,for instance,is less likely to stay up in her office to get ahead if she has a baby at home,the consequence of which is that her chances of promotion become slimmer.
  Many people argue that the delayed parenthood may pose physical challenges to couples,especially the older mom,and it is quite unfair on the child to have old parents because they probably won’t live long enough to see the child grow up.This may be true,but modern medical technology has significantly reduced the risks involved in birth-giving and equally significantly prolonged our life span so that the older parents,like their younger counterparts,can just as well accompany their kids in their life’s journey.But on top of that,having kids later in life can be beneficial in unique ways:it is good to the baby because its parents are now financially and emotionally better conditioned;it is good to the parents because now they have been well established so that they have more time for their kids;it is good to the society because those parents who delay having kids and advance to positions of authority at work now have the power to set policies other older parents would benefit from,like offering paid maternity and paternity leave or allowing flexible work schedules.
  9.The leaders or directors of organizations are often older people. But some people say that young people can also be a leader what extent do you think?
  解题思路:
  1.老年人工作经验丰富,有大局观
  2.老年人能快速调整情绪,调动团队士气
  1.年轻人教育背景良好,能了解不同的文化差异
  2.年轻人能将最新的技术和理念运用到工作中
  范文:
  It is true that many leaders and senior executives in global companies are elderly people. However, I would argue that those superb young people are also eligible to take important positions in today's world.
  On the one hand, compared to the young generation, elderly people possess more edges. First and foremost, they have better cognitive skills, such as big-picture thinking and long-term vision. This is because years of work experience and failures teach them to take every aspect into consideration before making important decisions.By contrast, due to a lack of social experience, young leaders seem to make shortsighted decisions sometimes. Moreover, since the old have already overcome countless difficulties and challenges prior, they can quickly adjust their mood in turmoil and lift the morale of the whole organization.
  On the other hand, there are two reasons why younger directors are also competent to be leaders in important positions. In the first place, with well-educated backgrounds, young leaders are more likely to have a deep understanding of cultural difference, and they can empathize with other employees and clients much better. Today, empathy plays a key role in retention of talents. For example, it is easy to misunderstand others in a cross-cultural dialogue. When good employees resign, they -might take the company's knowledge with them, which is a brain drain for the company. Secondly, compared with the senior leaders, young directors can apply the latest technology and theory into practice, and this can counteract negative stereotype of management and greatly improve the productivity.
  In conclusion, in my opinion, age should not be the criterion when selecting the leader of leadership can play his or her role in the organization.
  10.Some people think that the amount of noisy?people should be controlled strictly, while others say that people are free to make as much noise as they wish. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  解题思路:
  1.处在噪音的打扰下会让人难以入睡,缺乏睡眠则会导致第二天精神疲惫,长此以往不利于人们的身体健康。此外,在噪音的烦扰下,人们会感到十分烦躁并且变得易怒,这对于长期经历工作压力的市民来说精神状态可能会恶化。
  2.政府有责任保护市民不受噪音干扰。政府的义务就是为民众谋福利,并且市民花重金买下自己的住所,政府有义务为他们营造良好的生活环境。
  1.居民有最基本的权利为了自己的利益去制造噪音,但是不能打扰到其他人
  范文:
  An issue facing many big cities recently is that a quiet living environment has turned to a densely-populated area with inevitable noise pollution. Therefore, whether the amount of noise should be restricted or not has always been a question of much contention. Personally, I believe that citizens have the freedom to make sounds but noise definitely needs to be reasonably controlled.
  First of all, it is probable that noise pollution could pose a huge threat to citizens’ well-being. Disturbed by annoying noise, people would find it difficult to fall asleep, and a lack of sound sleep would lead to fatigue the next day, which would adversely affect their physical health. Besides, people under the exposure of noise may suffer from anxiety and irritability, which could aggravate the mental state of those who already undergo long-lasting work-related stress.
  Another significant reason of limiting noise lies in governments’ responsibility to work for the benefit of their citizens. To put it another way, it is the duty of governments to maintain a favorable living environment for residents. The apparent reason is that people might expend a large amount of savings on their residence, and thus they are supposed to be provided with a high quality dwelling environment.
  However, it has to be admitted that people also have the right to make noise for their own good because they are in possession of their dwelling places. For example,  when people hold a birthday party at home, they could enjoy the pleasant atmosphere with friends around and music delighting everyone. It is the freedom of them to make sounds for their benefit yet it would not be the legal right if the sound is loud enough to disturb others.
  Therefore, I am convinced that people could be given certain freedom to make sounds, but the amount needs to be reasonably restricted by governments so that citizens’ well-being and living quality could be guaranteed.
  11.Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open area which in towns and cities than build more housing. To what extent do agree or disagree?
  解题思路:
  1.种树能进行光合作用
  2.种树减少雾霾
  1.盖楼能满足基本的住宿的需求,但目前已饱和
  范文:
  With the rapid urbanization of our society, tree seems more valuable than ever before. At the same time, a great number of people support more greenery in open areas in towns and cities rather than more housing buildings. I am of the opinion that this action has more benefits than drawbacks
  Trees are an important part of the urban environment and a city with easy access to green spaces is more livable and attractive for most people. First of all, as we all know, green plants can carry out photosynthesis, which not only absorb carbon dioxide, but also release oxygen. Therefore, the air quality in cities will be improved greatly. Secondly, people living in cities with plenty of trees are less likely to suffer health problems caused by smog and fumes. This is extremely important because today travelling by car has become a major means of travel in most cities.
  Housing guarantees people's basic -need of accommodation. Today, many real estate developers overdevelop the open areas with the purpose of gaining huge profit. "This will occupy the valuable and limited land resources. In addition, considering our almost?sat <http://sat.zhan.com/>urated real estate industry and market, there is no more need to build more housing. In fact, many employers cannot afford to purchase a flat because of the high housing price. Therefore, compared to housing building, trees seems more significant to our environment.
  To sum up, I believe that planting more trees in open areas will bring far more gains than losses.
  12.Young people who commit crimes should be treated in the same way as adults by authorities . To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
  解题思路:
  1.青少年犯罪多是因为社会地位低,缺乏社会经验,考虑到犯罪情况和动机,应采纳教育和社区服务,有助于帮助犯罪者过上正常的生活。
  2.犯罪情节恶劣,应予以成年人同样刑罚,从而保护社会稳定,公民的安全。
  范文:
  It is sometimes argued that young lawbreakers should be tried as adults for crimes. I personally believe that this is partly reasonable.
  On the one hand, those who participate in violent crimes should not be treated differently than adult offenders. This is because most crimes, such as rape or murder, are thoughtful, deliberate and cunning in its planning and execution. If our courts trend toward a more lenient position, then the related laws and punishment will not have a deterring effect on teenagers. As a result, teenagers are likely to commit horrible crimes since they are aware that they have legal protection. What’s worse, these teens might recommit after they are released from jails. In some cases, the lighter sentencing might also lead to resentment towards the judicial system as victims might argue that these young offenders do not confess what they have done. This could also result in insecurity in our society eventually.
  On the other hand, the circumstances of a crime and its motivation should be taken into consideration when it comes to juvenile delinquency. For example, because of distress and hunger, some teens may turn to stealing food or robbery during a period of famine. Under this circumstance, harsh punishment, such as long-term jail might not be the best solution. In my view, most of the young offenders lack parenting and self-discipline, which would mean that other alternatives, such as community service and rehabilitation might be better alternatives for them.
  In conclusion, I feel that it is vitally important for judges and state legislators to ensure the justice equality regardless of the criminal’s age.
  13.Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in their local community who need it. Others, however prefer to give money to national and international charitable organizations. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  1.援助本国:本国依旧存在贫困人口,残疾人群等
  2.援助国内和国际慈善组织,有助于提高国际地位
  3.援助国内和国际慈善组织能帮助贫困国家改善贫困状态
  范文:
  Although people in industrialized countries lead a high standard of living, it is undeniable that there are still 1.2 billion people living below the poverty line. In order to solve poverty-related problems, I feel that all kinds of help should be encouraged and respected.
  Giving a helping hand to those who are in need in the local community seems reasonable. It is because even in the richest countries, there are still a lot of people, such as disabled people and orphanages, suffering from famine and extreme poverty. For this reason, it is easy and convenient for us to help our fellow citizens, such as donating food or clothing to them, so that we can see the result of our actions immediately. By contrast, it is rather difficult to track expenditure of international aids, which might result in corruption in some cases.
  Those who donate money to domestic and international charities believe that the collection of money has a tremendous effect on the poor countries compared with other forms of help. This is because few people are able to donate a large amount of money to construct schools, hospitals and roads in poor areas. Instead, governments and charities can achieve this. International aids can also purchase vaccines which are available in developed countries by using the money raised worldwide and save millions children’s life.
  In my view, minor proportion of donated money and other sorts of help should be appreciated equally as long as the money reaches to those who need it desperately. The government could run campaign and encourage door-to door help. At the same time, charitable organizations should make every penny count for donors.
  14.In some countries, a high proportion of criminal acts are committed by teenagers. Why has this happened? What can be done to deal with this?
  解题思路:
  原因一:不稳定的家庭因素导致,父母以暴力方式教育孩子给孩子留下不好的影响
  对策一:父母改变沟通交流的方式,多和孩子交流互动,更多关心爱护孩子尤其是情绪上的需要
  原因二:过度的媒体暴力,孩子们自制力的缺乏容易模仿荧幕里的英雄们的暴力行为
  对策二:政府可以建立起荧幕审查与分级制度,控制荧幕上的暴力数量
  范文:
  In recent years, the proportion of crimes committed by teenagers has increased dramatically and this has caused a widespread discussion. Media violence and unstable family life may be the two main factors leading to adolescents’ criminal tendency. Both of them will be discussed in detail below, followed by solutions.
  The lack of family life should take responsibility for juvenile delinquency. Most parents educate their children in an impropriate way like beating and abusing. Even now, may parents still hold a view that a good son is a product of the rod. This educational method will leave children a misleading impression about violence when they are very young, and they are more likely to become real offenders in the future. To solve this problem, parents should adjust parenting at home, interacting with their children more frequently and giving more attention and care especially emotional needs.
  Excessive exposure to media violence also plays a big role in the increase of youth crime. As we all know, the violence shots are prevalent in many films and TV games, which affects young people the most. Teenagers who lack self-discipline tend to imitate their fantasy hero’s criminal behavior after watching action films in real situations. Actually, these teenagers are misled by their heroes. In this case, the government should set a rating and censorship system in order to control the amount of violence, threat and horror on screen.
  In conclusion, family life and media violence are main triggers of juvenile delinquency. Parents should transform their ways to care and educate their children. Meanwhile, governments should provide a healthy environment on the screen.
  15.Some think that printed books are not necessary in digital era, because all writing can be stored electronically. Others think printed books will play important role. Discuss both.
  解题思路:
  1.纸媒书籍永远有市场,因为人们改变不了千百年来形成的阅读纸媒的习惯
  2.电子阅读是快餐式阅读,纸媒更有收藏价值。
  3.纸媒便于学习,例如考试用书,可以标注
  4.电子阅读因为其环保、低价、存储量大、便于携带、制作精美成为传统书籍有益的补充。
  范文:
  Reading has a key role to play in people’s relaxation. Sure enough,it is not rare to see that the enormous popularity of electric equipment,such as iphone and ipad,keeps on soaring. Many people prefer to read e-books rather than the traditional paper books.Hence,people differ greatly in their views as to whether or not the printed books will be still of great necessity. As i see it,paper books could never be substituted because of their unique merits.
  Primarily,although it is easy to acquire and utilize e-books,it is far from easy, for millions of people,to change their deeply-rooted habits of reading paper books. More precisely,numerous people insist on browsing paper books in traditional way because they can take notes in the blank of a page. A hard truth can justify my stand. Traditional books were often predicted to be replaced by new technology such as the internet or smart phones in the past several decades, however,this prediction has never been realized until now. Similarly,traditional books will not withdraw from the stage of history due to e-reading.
  What i would like to add is that a newly published book or magazine could best stimulate one’s reading impulse for the simple reason that a great many readers enjoy the fragrance of paper book and can feel the sense of ownership when holding a book. Unlike using e-books,which is just a sort of fast-food reading,traditional reading enables people to have an in-depth thinking and thus enhance their literacy.
  Indeed, there must be some reasons to account for the popularization of e-booking. Seen from the positive aspects,e-books not only provide words,illustrations and pictures that traditional books have,but also add sounds, moving images and cartoons that printed books cannot offer. Another merit of e-books is that they can be eco-friendly because less paper will be needed. Last, electronic libraries cannot only save more space but also store more information.
  To sum up,it is my view that under no circumstances can we ignore the immense value of printed books and magazines. Printed books and e-reading are not mutually exclusive,for the enjoy respective merits. Therefore, both of them will co-exist,e-books can be a beneficial alternative to traditional books.


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