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剑桥雅思6第一套阅读原文+解析下载

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摘要:下面是为大家带来的剑桥雅思6第一套阅读原文+解析的相关内容,希望能给大家提供帮助。

  下面是为大家带来的剑桥雅思6第一套阅读原文+解析的相关内容,希望能给大家提供帮助。

  READING PASSAGE 1

  You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

  AUSTRALIA'S SPORTING SUCCESS

  A They play hard, they play often, and they play to win. Australian sports teams win more than their fair share of titles, demolishing rivals with seeming ease. How do they do it? A big part of the secret is an extensive and expensive network of sporting academies underpinned by science and medicine. At the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS), hundreds of youngsters and pros live and train under the eyes of coaches. Another body, the Australian Sports Commission (ASC), finances programmes of excellence in a total of 96 sports for thousands of sportsmen and women. Both provide intensive coaching, training facilities and nutritional advice.

  B Inside the academies, science takes centre stage. The AIS employs more than 100 sports scientists and doctors, and collaborates with scores of others in universities and research centres. AIS scientists work across a number of sports, applying skills learned in one - such as building muscle strength in golfers - to others, such as swimming and squash. They are backed up by technicians who design instruments to collect data from athletes. They all focus on one aim: winning. ‘We can't waste our time looking at ethereal scientific questions that don't help the coach work with an athlete and improve performance,' says Peter Fricker, chief of science at AIS.

  C A lot of their work comes down to measurement - everything from the exact angle of a swimmer’s dive to the second-by-second power output of a cyclist. This data is used to wring improvements out of athletes. The focus is on individuals, tweaking performances to squeeze an extra hundredth of a second here, an extra millimetre there. No gain is too slight to bother with. It’s the tiny, gradual improvements that add up to world-beating results. To demonstrate how the system works, Bruce Mason at AIS shows off the prototype of a 3D analysis tool for studying swimmers. A wire-frame model of a champion swimmer slices through the water, her arms moving in slow motion. Looking side-on, Mason measures the distance between strokes. From above, he analyses how her spine swivels. When fully developed, this system will enable him to build a biomechanical profile for coaches to use to help budding swimmers. Mason's contribution to sport also includes the development of the SWAN (SWimming ANalysis)system now used in Australian national competitions. It collects images from digital cameras running at 50 frames a second and breaks down each part of a swimmer's performance into factors that can be analysed individually - stroke length, stroke frequency, average duration of each stroke, velocity, start, lap and finish times, and so on. At the end of each race, SWAN spits out data on each swimmer

  篇章结构

  体裁 说明文

  主题 澳大利亚的体育成就

  结构 A段:澳大利亚体育成绩斐然 B段:科技是第一生产力

  C段:精确测量和数据分析 D段:精确测量和数据分析的实例

  E段:数据的实际应用 F段:不可复制的成功

  必背词汇

  A段

  fair adj.合理的pro n.职业运动员

  demolish v.击败;破坏,毁坏 under the eye of 在……的注意下

  rival n.竞争者,对手 body n.团体,机构

  seeming adj.表面上的(通常事实并非如此) finance v.给……提供经费

  ease n.不费力,轻松 excellence n.优秀,卓越

  extensive adj.广泛的,涉及面广的 intensive adj.强化的

  underpin v.以……为稳固基础 nutritional adj.营养的

  B段

  centre stage 中心地位 squash n.壁球

  collaborate v.合作 instrument n.仪器,器械

  golfer n.打高尔夫球的人 ethereal adj.飘渺的,引申为不切实际的

  C段

  come down to(sth.)可归结为 wire-frame adj.线框的

  second-by-second 每秒的 slice v.划开;切开

  output n.输出 slow motion 慢动作

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