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剑桥雅思6第一套阅读section2真题原文+解析下载

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  READING PASSAGE 2

  You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.

  DELIVERING THE GOODS

  The vast expansion in international trade owes much to a revolution in the business of moving freight

  A International trade is growing at a startling pace. While the global economy has been expanding at a bit over 3% a year, the volume of trade has been rising at a compound annual rate of about twice that. Foreign products, from meat to machinery, play a more important role in almost every economy in the world, and foreign markets now tempt businesses that never much worried about sales beyond their nation's borders.

  B What lies behind this explosion in international commerce? The general worldwide decline in trade barriers, such as customs duties and import quotas, is surely one explanation. The economic opening of countries that have traditionally been minor players is another. But one force behind the import-export boom has passed all but unnoticed: the rapidly falling cost of getting goods to market. Theoretically, in the world of trade, shipping costs do not matter. Goods, once they have been made, are assumed to move instantly and at no cost from place to place. The real world, however, is full of frictions. Cheap labour may make Chinese clothing competitive in America, but if delays in shipment tie up working capital and cause winter coats to arrive in spring, trade may lose its advantages.

  体裁 说明文

  主题 货物运输

  结构 A段:概括国际贸易的发展和扩张

  B段:简述国际贸易飞速发展的原因

  C段:20世纪之交的货物运送情况

  D段:贸易运输货物类型以及与运输关系的转变

  E段:举硬盘之例说明货物运送类型的转变对贸易的影响

  F段:信息产业的货物运送情况

  G段:科技创新技术对于船运货物的影响

  H段:陆运货物的发展和进步

  I段:货物运送产业的发展前景

  必背词汇

  A段

  owe…to…… 把……归功于…… pace n.速度,步调

  freight n.船货,货运;运费 compound adj.复合的

  startling adj.令人吃惊的 tempt v.吸引

  B段

  explosion n.原意为爆发,此处意为突增 boom n.繁荣

  decline v.降低,减少 theoretically adv.理论上地

  barrier n.屏障,障碍 shipping cost 运输费用

  customs duty 关税 assume v.假定,设想

  import n./v.进口 friction n.摩擦;矛盾

  quota n.配额 delay v.延迟,推迟

  minor adj.次要的,较小的,二流的 tie up 占用(资金等)

  export n./v.出口 capital n.资金,资产

  C段

  sector n.部门 iron ore 铁矿石

  account for (在数量方面)占,占据 process v.加工,处理

  dominate v.支配;占优势 commodity n.商品

  raw adj.生的;未加工的 bulky adj.庞大的

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