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雅思小作文的写作技巧及注意事项

2018-04-25 13:11 三立在线 admin

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摘要:为了帮助考生们更好地复习雅思考试,三立在线网雅思频道为各位考生整理了雅思小作文的写作技巧及注意事项,供考生们参考使用,更多雅思写作辅导请继续关注三立在线网雅思频道。

下面三立在线网雅思频道为大家整理了雅思小作文的写作技巧及注意事项,供考生们参考,以下是详细内容。

 

  1、试卷发下后,请花半分钟的时间来浏览作文的题目,这里包括议论文在内。

 

  2、此后,请看第一部分的题目,明确以下几点

 

  1)属于什么题型的图表,是一个曲线图,一个饼图,一表格,一个流程图还是一个物体以及其他类型的图表

 

  2) 是一幅图还是两幅或者是以上的图

 

  3)时间、字数以及其他的要求

 

  3、用5分钟的时间分析并形成以下的内容

 

  1)注意不同类型图表的技巧(包括时态、语态、关键描述词语与句型)

 

  2)划出并分析题目中的关键内容,分析图表中的关键特征点(依据各种图表的特点来决定)

 

  3)考虑结构(开头引言,描述特征,可能总结)注意以下

 

  开头不能与文章已经给出的东西一样,用自己语言表达;

 

  描述关键以及有代表性的点或者是趋势;

 

  在语法与句法正确的基础上,力求用不同的句型组合(如简单句,复合句,定语/表语/宾语/非谓语从句),用近意词语;

 

  正确表达文章所给信息;

 

  在可能的情况下做简单的总结;

 

  不要发表有个人或者是评论性的句子;

 

  标点符号,单词的拼写应该正确;

 

  4、书写的时候注意流利与工整,采用现代式的书写格式

 

  5、留有时间检查,保持卷面的整洁

 

  技巧性套句(仅供参考)

 

  开头句型(用简单的句子给出尽可能多的信息WHEN,WHAT,WHERE,有特色。)

 

  一般有两种,一种是主动一种是被动。

 

  1)The chart/graph/table/diagram/process (show,reveal,illustrate,demonstrate,depict,describe,indicate)

 

  2)According to/As can be seen from/As shown in/It is clear/apparent from/It can be seen from

 

  结尾句型(如果没有可以充分说的,可以不用结尾。结尾不要节外生枝。最好不要出现很明显有结尾特征的词语“in conclusion”)

 

  中间关键句型————☆要注意认真审查题目,弄清楚要描述的数据究竟代表什么,单位是什么,用什么方式表达。

 

  OBJECT (描述物体)

 

  注意点:要明确以一定的顺序来写。从左到右或者是从上到下,从内到外(根据物体自己的特点)等等。把题目中给出的部件详细描述。(如202的自行车)

 

  句型:介绍功能 The illustration is of a _______ which is designed to (do something)

 

  说明构成部分 A ______ is made up of /consists of/comprises How many ?A number of parts/sections

 

  描述各个部件功能 不要用you ,one 可以用 we, the operator (单数个体) First , (the cyclist) puts his or her _____on the ____

 

  要有一定的顺序,不要将每个部分单独写出,应该将能够合并的一起结合,注意用以下句型(被动态,定语从句,非谓语动词)

 

  要用关联词

 

  PIE CHART (饼图)

 

  注意点:1)文字中要表达出总量与分量的关系,在两个以上的PIE中,要注意各个PIE间的比较

 

  2)数据究竟代表什么应清楚

 

  语言点:1)percentage / proportion

 

  2) (v.) make up/ constitute / account for

 

  3) ①the biggest difference between 2 group(A+B) is in …,where A makes up 5% while B constitutes 67%

 

  the highest percentage of A, which was approximately 12%

 

  ②the percentage of A in …..is more than twice that of B,the ratio is 67% to 45%($% compared to $%)

 

  ③ in…,while a greater percentage of A than B are found in……. (the former is $% and the latter is $%)

 

  ④there are more A in……,reaching $%,compared with $% of B

 

  ⑤A , which used to be the……..,has become less important, which declined(increased) sharply from $% in 1978 to only $% in 1998.

 

  ⑥The biggest loss was to某区域.

 

  The biggest gains in A were made by 某区域.

 

  FLOW CHART (曲线图)

 

  注意点:1)抓住“变化”和“趋势”

 

  2)有两种情况其一是在不同时间段内的数据比较,另外是单独数据的全程描述。前者适合于数据代表的物体较少且时间界限明确的情况下,后者适合于描述数据对象很多且时间划定不清晰。当然依据考试中的题目来决定。

 

  语言点:1)变化状态幅度词(要依据描述的情况决定)

 

  轻微-----slightly, slowly(速度), steadily(平缓) 逐渐----gradually

 

  显著-----significantly , markedly 急剧-----rapidly , dramatically , abruptly ,sharply 突然---suddenly 趋势---trend inclination tendacy

 

  2)变量幅度词语

 

  ★ 增加-----increase, jump ,go up ,rise, climb , ascend , level up ,surge,

 

  ★ 减少----decrease, drop ,go down ,fall,---- , descend, level down ,

 

  ★ 水平----keep/stay/remain/maintain stable ,----steady ,be similar to ,there is little/hardly any/no change

 

  ★ 最高-----reach a highest point/the top/the summit/the peak/the most/peak in,at

 

  ★ 最低-----reach a lowest point/the bottom//rock/hit a trough /bottom out

 

  ★ 交叉-----correspond with in ----year; --- crossing the line for -----

 

  3) 时间幅度词语

 

  During the period 1970—1999 ; From 1970 to 1999 ; Since the early 1970s ;

 

  In 1970------then in 1980-----ten years later

 

  4)基本句型

 

  There was变化趋势in the number of A from 1986-1990(over next…..yeas) ,which was followed by 变化趋势and then变化趋势 until 1998 when there was变化趋势 for the next ….years

 

  From 1990 onwards, there was变化趋势 in the number of A which then 变化趋势 at $% in 1994.

 

  In 1990,the number reached (was) $%,but 30 years later there was变化趋势.

 

  After 变化趋势 from…to …,A begin 变化趋势 over the next….years.

 

  The number of …increased rapidly from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year period

 

  〓

 

  There was a rapid increase from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year period

 

  A has almost/nearly/about/over a quarter/half/twice/one third /as many students as/as much money as /B; A has about/approximately/exactly/precisely the same number/proportion/amount of students/money as…..

 

  It has reached something of a plateau,X percent/an average of X percent in the past few years in 1998.

 

  in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998...

 

  the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of.....

 

  the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of.

 

  ....decreased year by year while...in

 

  以上就是三立在线网雅思频道为大家整理的雅思小作文的写作技巧及注意事项,非常实用。更多资讯、资料尽在三立在线网雅思频道。最后,三立在线网雅思频道预祝大家在雅思考试中取得好成绩!



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